Operators defined by conditional expectations and random measures
Rambane, Daniel Thanyani
MetadataShow full item record
This study revolves around operators defined by conditional expectations and operators generated by random measures. Studies of operators in function spaces defined by conditional expectations first appeared in the mid 1950's by S-T.C. Moy  and S. Sidak . N. Kalton studied them in the setting of Lp-spaces 0 < p < 1 in [15, 131 and in L1-spaces, , while W. Arveson  studied them in L2-spaces. Their averaging properties were studied by P.G. Dodds and C.B. Huijsmans and B. de Pagter in  and C.B. Huijsmans and B. de Pagter in [lo]. A. Lambert  studied their relationship with multiplication operators in C*-modules. It was shown by J.J. Grobler and B. de Pagter  that partial integral operators that were studied A.S. Kalitvin et a1 in [2, 4, 3, 11, 121 and the special cases of kernel operators that were, inter alia, studied by A.R. Schep in  were special cases of conditional expectation operators. On the other hand, operators generated by random measures or pseudo-integral operators were studied by A. Sourour [28, 271 and L.W. Weis [29,30], building on the studies of W. Arveson  and N. Kalton [14, 151, in the late 1970's and early 1980's. In this thesis we extend the work of J.J. Grobler and B. de Pagter  on Multiplication Conditional Expectation-representable (MCE-representable) operators. We also generalize the result of A. Sourour  and show that order continuous linear maps between ideals of almost everywhere finite measurable functions on u-finite measure spaces are MCE-representable. This fact enables us to easily deduce that sums and compositions of MCE-representable operators are again MCE-representable operators. We also show that operators generated by random measures are MCE-representable. The first chapter gathers the definitions and introduces notions and concepts that are used throughout. In particular, we introduce Riesz spaces and operators therein, Riesz and Boolean homomorphisms, conditional expectation operators, kernel and absolute T-kernel operators. In Chapter 2 we look at MCE-operators where we give a definition different from that given by J.J. Grobler and B. de Pagter in , but which we show to be equivalent. Chapter 3 involves random measures and operators generated by random measures. We solve the problem (positively) that was posed by A. Sourour in  about the relationship of the lattice properties of operators generated by random measures and the lattice properties of their generating random measures. We show that the total variation of a random signed measure representing an order bounded operator T, it being the difference of two random measures, is again a random measure and represents ITI. We also show that the set of all operators generated by a random measure is a band in the Riesz space of all order bounded operators. In Chapter 4 we investigate the relationship between operators generated by random measures and MCE-representable operators. It was shown by A. Sourour in [28, 271 that every order bounded order continuous linear operator acting between ideals of almost everywhere measurable functions is generated by a random measure, provided that the measure spaces involved are standard measure spaces. We prove an analogue of this theorem for the general case where the underlying measure spaces are a-finite. We also, in this general setting, prove that every order continuous linear operator is MCE-representable. This rather surprising result enables us to easily show that sums, products and compositions of MCE-representable operator are again MCE-representable. Key words: Riesz spaces, conditional expectations, multiplication conditional expectation-representable operators, random measures.