Die bestaanbaarheid van gewoonteregtelike huwelike in die lig van die Grondwet
Herbst, Maria Magarieta
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Customary marriages are essentially polygamous. Courts were of the opinion that the nature of customary marriages are against public policy and natural justice. The Interim Constitution, 1993 gave effect to the consequences of customary marriages in principle XIII, while section 15(3) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 allows for the recognition of marriages concluded in terms of custom. These marriages may, however not be in conflict with the Bill of Rights. Recognition was given to lobolo as the courts could not find it to be against public policy as is reflected initially in section 11 (1) of the Black Administration Act 38 of 1927 and subsequently in section 54A of the Magistrate's Court Act 32 of 1944 and section 1 of the Law of Evidence Amendment Act 45 of 1988. In 1998 the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 was promulgated to give recognition to customary marriages. In this study, the question to what extent customary marriages and the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 are consistent with the Constitution within a democratic society based on equality, freedom and human dignity is addressed. It was found that the purpose of the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 is not only to give recognition to customary marriages, but to amend the traditional customary rules which may be inconsistent with the Bill of Rights. The Act succeeds in this.
- Law