Novel sulfanylphthalimide analogues as highly potent inhibitors of monoamine oxidase B
Van der Walt, Mietha M.
Petzer, Jacobus P.
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Monoamine oxidase (MAO) plays an essential role in the catabolism of neurotransmitter amines. The two isoforms of this enzyme, MAO-A and -B, are considered to be drug targets for the therapy of depression and neurodegenerative diseases, respectively. Based on a recent report that the phthalimide moiety may be a useful scaffold for the design of potent MAO-B inhibitors, the present study examines a series of 5-sulfanylphthalimide analogues as potential inhibitors of both human MAO isoforms. The results document that 5-sulfanylphthalimides are highly potent and selective MAO-B inhibitors with all of the examined compounds possessing IC50 values in the nanomolar range. The most potent inhibitor, 5-(benzylsulfanyl)phthalimide, exhibits an IC50 value of 0.0045 μM for the inhibition of MAO-B with a 427-fold selectivity for MAO-B compared to MAO-A. We conclude that 5-sulfanylphthalimides represent an interesting class of MAO-B inhibitors and may serve as lead compounds for the design of antiparkinsonian therapy.
- Faculty of Health Sciences