The influence of CO? on the steam gasification rate of a typical South African coal
Du Toit, Gillis Johannes Dekorte
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It is recognised that the reactions with steam and CO2 are the rate limiting step during coal gasification, and a vast number of studies has been dedicated to the kinetics of these reactions. Most studies were carried out by using a single reactant (CO2 or H2O), either pure or diluted with an inert gas. Research using gas mixtures of CO2 and steam and their effects on gasification kinetics have been undertaken but are limited. The objective of this study is to determine the effects of CO2 on the steam gasification rate of a typical Highveld seam 4 coal. The South African medium ranked high volatile bituminous coal was charred at 950 °C. 2.0 g samples of ± 1 mm particles were analysed in a modified large particle thermo gravimetric analyser under various reactant gas concentrations. Experiments were conducted at atmospheric pressure (87.5 kPa) and temperatures from 775 to 900 °C, such that the conversion rate was controlled by chemical reaction. Reagent mixtures of steam-N2, steam-CO2 and CO2-N2 at concentrations of 25-75 mol%, 50-50 mol%, 75-25 mol% and 100 mol% were investigated. Arrhenius plots for steam and CO2 gasification produced activation energy values of 225 ± 23 kJ/mol and 243 ± 32 kJ/mol respectively. The calculated reaction orders with respect to reagent partial pressure were 0.44 ± 0.08 and 0.56 ± 0.07 for steam and CO2 respectively. Comparisons of the experimental data showed a higher reaction rate for the steam-CO2 mixtures compared to steam-N2 experiments. The semi empirical Wen model (m = 0.85) with an additive Langmuir-Hinshelwood styled rate equation predicted the mixed reagent gasification accurately. Reaction constants that were determined from the pure reactant experiments could directly be applied to predict the results for the experiments with mixtures of steam and CO2. The conclusion was made that under the investigated conditions steam and CO2 reacts simultaneously on different active sites on the char surface.
- Engineering