A network traffic model for wireless mesh networks
Van der Merwe, Zuann Stephanus
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Design and management decisions require an accurate prediction of the performance of the network. Network performance estimation techniques require accurate network traffic models. In this thesis we are concerned with the modelling of network traffic for the wireless mesh network (WMN) environment. Queueing theory has been used in the past to model the WMN environment and we found in this study that queueing theory was used in two main methods to model WMNs. The first method is to consider each node in the network in terms of the number of hops it is away from the gateway. Each node is then considered as a queueing station and the parameters for the station is derived from the number of hops each node is away from the gateway. These topologies can be very limiting in terms of the number of physical topologies they can model due to the fact that their parameters are only dependent on the number of hop-counts each node is away from the gateway. The second method is to consider a fixed topology with no gateways. This method simplifies analysis but once again is very limiting. In this dissertation we propose a queueing based network traffic model that uses a connection matrix to define the topology of the network. We then derive the parameters for our model from the connection matrix. The connection matrix allows us to model a wider variety of topologies without modifying our model. We verify our model by comparing results from our model to results from a discrete event simulator and we validate our model by comparing results from our model to results from models previously proposed by other authors. By comparing results from our model to results of other models we show that our model is indeed capable of modelling a wider variety of topologies.
- Engineering