Relationship between leadership, job satisfaction and intention to leave amongst registered nurses in medical–surgical units in hospitals in the North–West and Free State Provinces
Sojane, Jeremia Sipho
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Registered nurses are the first contact for individuals seeking medical attention in the health system. These nurses have leaders who encourage them and they have goals and dreams to reach. The leadership of a hospital are responsible for creating a positive working environment so as to maintain job satisfaction for all. When subordinates are satisfied with their job they tend to stay and become more productive in their workplace. Leadership has an influence on the level of job satisfaction and therefore influences whether they leave or stay in the workplace. The objectives of the study were to describe the status of leadership, job satisfaction and the intention to leave among registered nurses in hospitals in the North-West and Free State Provinces. The relationship between leadership, job satisfaction and intention to leave among registered nurses in hospitals in the North-West and Free State Provinces was also investigated. The research design in this study was quantitative, descriptive, explanatory and contextual in nature. The sample included registered nurses (RNs) in medical and surgical units in both private and public hospitals in the North-West and Free State provinces of South Africa, (n = 204). Data was collected using the RN4CAST questionnaire. EpiData and SPSS statistical programmes were used to analyze data. The results of the study showed that most registered nurses were satisfied with the items of leadership except for the praise and recognition item (55.7%). Most registered nurses showed high levels of overall job satisfaction (70.5%), but were dissatisfied with wages (50%), study leave (40.9%) and opportunity for advancement (40.1%). Furthermore, the registered nurses showed high intention to leave their current hospitals (46.1%). The results also indicated a relationship between leadership, job satisfaction and intention to leave among registered nurses in medical and surgical wards in both private and public hospitals. Recommendations for policy, education, practice and future research were made.
- Health Sciences