Die verband van fisieke aktiwiteit met lewenstyl, gesondheidstatus en enkele psigo-emosionele welstandkonstrukte by Indiërs in Mohadin
Van der Merwe, Hefer
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Physical activity is probably the single largest risk factor in the development of chronic lifestyle disorders. Research indicated that regular participation in physical activity has positive effects on general health and quality of life. The physical activity profile, lifestyle patterns and health status of western communities have been well documented. The same could however not be said of the Indian population and this study therefore aimed to research that part of the South African population. The aim of this research is therefore to determine the relationship of physical activity on lifestyle, health status, coronary risk factors of Indian men and women, as well as the relation of physical activity on the level of stress, burnout and happiness among the Indian population. Residents of Mohadin in Potchefstroom, a semi-urbanized Indian community were approach to participate in this study. A total of 101 men (n=47) and women (n=54) between the age of 19 and 78 year (X=41.4 ± 15.4) were randomly selected to participate in the survey. Participation in physical activity was assessed by using the physical activity index (PAI) as suggested by Sharkey (1997). The lifestyle index (Belloc & Breslow, 1972) and health status (Wyler et al., 1968) were determined by using the respective questionnaires, while the coronary risk index was assessed as suggested by Bjurstrom & Alexiou (1978). A 25-item stress questionnaire (Dickmann, 1 988) was used for determining the incidence of stress symptoms, while happiness and quality of life was assessed by using the affectometer from Kamman & Flett (1983) questionnaire. Pines Burnout-scale (1981) was used for measuring the level of burnout of participants. Statistical analysis of the data was done by using a one way analysis of variance to determine the relationship between variables. The data of this study indicated that the respondents followed a significant sedentary lifestyle. In this respect 62.8% and 64.7% men and women respectively reported none or very little physical activity during their leisure time. The coronary risk as well as the health status indexes of the men indicated poorer results comparing to those of the women. When comparing their psycho-emotional indexes like incidence of stress symptoms, burnout and happiness and quality of life it seems that the women obtained poorer results in this respect than the men. It is also clear that the physical active respondents (men and women) indicated a lower risk for coronary heart disease as well as superior health status compared to their inactive counterparts. These differences however are not statistical significant (pS0.05). As far as the psycho-emotional parameters are concerned participation in physical activity also showed no statistical difference between the physical active respondents comparing to the non-active counterparts. The small sizes of the participants in the various activity groupings may affect the statistical analyses. Some tendencies however existed regarding psycho-emotional parameters that physically active women do not react the same as the physical active men do. The reasons for this is not clear and more research should be done to clear up questions which arises from this study.
- Health Sciences