'n Onderrigmodel vir die ontwikkeling van onderwysstudente in besigheidstudies se hoërorde kognitiewe vaardighede
With the introduction of outcomes-based education (OBE) in South Africa the role of teachers and learners in the teaching and learning process had to change. Teachers had to adopt a facilitation role and learners had to focus on active learning and the mastering of outcomes. With the focus of OBE on outcomes, teachers in the teachinglearning process are continuously pressurised not only to focus on the teaching of theoretical subject matter, but also the development of higher-order cognitive skills (HOCS). Since 2006 the development of learners' HOCS in South African Schools have been emphasized in the Further Education and Training Phase (grades 10-12) through the National Curriculum Statements. Teachers in Business Studies (the new subject that replaced Business Economics as secondary school subject in 2006) have doubts in their ability to develop learners' HOCS because they doubt their own ability to demonstrate HOCS. This study indicates that the teacher training of Business Studies students should focus on the development of their HOCS, because they won't be able to develop their learners' HOCS if they can't demonstrate it themselves. The purpose of this study was to develop a teaching model for the development of education students in Business Studies' HOCS. Lecturers can use the teaching model during teacher training, to develop education students' knowledge of HOeS in Business studies, their ability to demonstrate HOCS and their critical and creative thinking skills. This study was approached from a pragmatic research paradigm. A literature study was conducted to motivate the rationale for the development of education students' HOCS, to investigate the meaning of HOCS and to determine the way in which HOCS can be learned, taught and assessed. The proposed teaching model that was developed, is based on the literature study. From the literature study a workable definition of HOCS was developed for the aim of this study. The literature study also showed that HOCS can best be learned and taught in a social constructivist learning environment, where lecturers enable students to construct their own knowledge and skills, with a combination of inductive teaching, cooperative learning and problem/activity based learning. During the empirical component of this study the teaching model for development of HOCS was applied to education students in Business Studies. Data was gathered over a period of four months by means of a mixed methods research design. This research design acted as a purposeful research framework wherein quantitative and qualitative methods were used to solve the research problem. Findings from the results of the empirical study indicated the extent to which the teaching model led to the development of the education students' HOCS, the experience of the education students and the way in which the model was executed. The contribution of this research is viewed as a clarification of the concept HOCS, the rationale for the development of HOCS and the proposed teaching model.
- Education