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dc.contributor.authorGüldenpfennig, Marianne
dc.contributor.authorWolmarans, De Wet
dc.contributor.authorDu Preez, Jan L.
dc.contributor.authorHarvey, Brian H.
dc.contributor.authorStein, Dan J.
dc.identifier.citationGüldenpfennig, M. et al. 2011. Cortico-striatal oxidative status, dopamine turnover and relation with stereotypy in the deer mouse. Physiology & behavior, 103(3-4):404-411. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1873-507X (Online)
dc.description.abstractThe deer mouse presents with spontaneous stereotypic movements that resemble the repetitive behaviours of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), and demonstrates a selective response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors. OCD has been linked to altered redox status and since increased dopamine signalling can promote stereotypies as well as oxidative stress, we investigated whether the severity of deer mouse stereotypy may be associated with altered dopamine turnover and cortico-striatal redox status. Deer mice were separated into high (HSB), low (LSB) and non-stereotypy (NS) groups. Frontal cortical and striatal dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, reduced (GSH) and oxidised (GSSG) glutathione and glutathione redox index, were analysed as markers for regional dopamine turnover and oxidative stress, respectively. Dopamine and its metabolites and SOD activity did not differ across the stereotypy groups. Significantly reduced GSH and GSSG and increased glutathione redox index were only observed in the frontal cortex of HSB animals. Frontal cortical GSH and GSSG were inversely correlated while glutathione redox index was positively correlated with stereotypy. Deer mouse stereotypy is thus characterised by a deficient glutathione system in the frontal cortex but not striatum, and provides a therapeutic rationale for using glutathione-active antioxidants in OCD. The evidence for a primary frontal lesion has importance for future OCD research.en_US
dc.subjectDeer mouseen_US
dc.subjectObsessive-compulsive disorderen_US
dc.subjectSuperoxide dismutaseen_US
dc.subjectOxidative stressen_US
dc.subjectAnimal modelen_US
dc.titleCortico-striatal oxidative status, dopamine turnover and relation with stereotypy in the deer mouseen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10060510 - Du Preez, Jan Lourens
dc.contributor.researchID11083417 - Harvey, Brian Herbert
dc.contributor.researchID12324515 - Wolmarans, Petrus De Wet

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