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dc.contributor.authorManuel, R.
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, S.E.S.
dc.contributor.authorPotgieter, M.S.
dc.identifier.citationManuel, R. et al. 2011. Cosmic ray modulation in the outer heliosphere: predictions for cosmic ray intensities up to the heliopause along Voyager 1 and 2 trajectories. Advances in space research, 48(5):874-883. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1879-1978 (Online)
dc.description.abstractTime dependent cosmic ray modulation in the outer heliosphere is calculated and results are compared to Voyager 1 and 2 observations using a two-dimensional time-dependent cosmic ray transport model. We predict possible future 133–242 MeV proton observations along the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft trajectories. Recent theoretical advances in cosmic ray transport parameters are introduced in order to provide a time-dependence for the assumed transport parameters used in the model. This leads to results that are in general compatible with the spacecraft observations in the inner and outer heliosphere over multiple solar cycles. However, for the outer heliosphere, we find that the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft observations cannot be fitted with an identical set of parameters along both trajectories. This indicates a possible asymmetric heliosphere or a symmetric heliosphere but with different diffusion parameters in the northern and southern hemispheres, respectively. Furthermore, results indicate that Voyager 2 observations are still under the influence of solar cycle related changes because of the large modulation volume between the heliopause and spacecraft location in contrast to Voyager 1 which shows a steady increase in cosmic ray intensities
dc.subjectCosmic raysen_US
dc.subjectVoyager spacecraften_US
dc.subjectCosmic rays
dc.subjectVoyager spacecraft
dc.titleCosmic ray modulation in the outer heliosphere: predictions for cosmic ray intensities up to the heliopause along Voyager 1 and 2 trajectoriesen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10713158 - Ferreira, Stephanus Esaias Salomon
dc.contributor.researchID21245274 - Manuel, Rex
dc.contributor.researchID10060014 - Potgieter, Marthinus Steenkamp

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