Implications of gifts in Romans 12:3-8 for gender roles in the church : a pastoral study
Grosskopf, Otto Heinrich
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This research attempts to determine how gifts of individual believers can enrich the respective gender roles in church and society. Some Pauline writings were studied, and in addition to Romans 123-8, exegesis is also done on other passages (1 Corinthians 121-31 and Ephesians 4:4-16) dealing with the 'body of Christ" (gifts). An exegesis on passages concerning the role of women (gender) (1 Corinthians 11:3-16, Ephesians 521-33, 1 Corinthians 14:33b-35, I Timothy 28-15 and Romans 1631-16) in church and marriage follows. By doing this, biblical guidelines are found on how men and women should exercise their gifts in the church. Galatians 328 is found to form the basis for all Pauline writings. Here Paul puts the given fact that "in Christ Jesus" male and female 'are one" and therefore equal before God. There still remains a created difference between male and female. Turning to gifts, men and women have equal access to all gifts, but the way in which they exercise the gifts may have certain nuances. This research attempts to correct the old practice by using Zerfass's method of putting the basis theoretical perspectives into interaction with meta-theoretical perspectives, so that a new practice is developed. This means that a study of other relevant sciences (i.e. Psychology, Sociology, Law, Feminism I Feminist Theology) concerning gifts and gender had to be done. Supplementing this with an empirical study, it is determined how gifts are used among the genders in daily practice. In this way the real experiences of men and women in church are reflected. The research comes to a close when pastoral consequences are drawn, and a strategy for churches is proposed. The finding is that both men and women should take part in the offices of the church, because they are on an equal footing with one another.
- Theology