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dc.contributor.authorToua, C.
dc.contributor.authorBrand, L.
dc.contributor.authorMöller, M.
dc.contributor.authorHarvey, B.H.
dc.contributor.authorEmsley, R.A.
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-29T09:49:43Z
dc.date.available2012-02-29T09:49:43Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.citationToua, C. et al. 2010. The effects of sub-chronic clozapine and haloperidol administration on isolation rearing induced changes in frontal cortical n-methyl-d-aspartate and d1 receptor binding in rats. Neuroscience, 165(2):492-499. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.10.039]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0306-4522en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/5931
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452209017230
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.10.039
dc.description.abstractGlutamate and dopamine disturbances are implicated in frontal cortical dysfunction in schizophrenia. Little, however, is known about the nature of dopamine D1 and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor interactions in the illness, nor of the extent of their co-involvement in antipsychotic drug response. It is well known that early life adversity may pre-date the development of schizophrenia. Using a neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia, namely post weaning social isolation rearing (SIR), we studied the effect of SIR (post natal day 21–61) on frontal cortical NMDA and D1 receptor binding characteristics with/without chronic haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg/day i.p.) or clozapine (5 mg/kg/day i.p.) treatment, undertaken from post-natal day 50–60. SIR increased frontal cortical NMDA-density, with decreased affinity (decreased pKD), but reduced D1 receptor density (without effects on pKD). In socially reared animals, clozapine but not haloperidol increased NMDA receptor density without effects on pKD. Neither drug markedly affected D1 receptor density, although clozapine increased D1 affinity. Increased NMDA density in SIR animals was unaffected by haloperidol, but further increased by clozapine. However, SIR-associated decrease in NMDA affinity remained unaltered despite drug treatment. Reduced D1 receptor density in SIR animals was exacerbated by haloperidol, but unaltered by clozapine, without changes in pKD. SIR thus induces opposing effects on frontal cortical NMDA and D1 radio-receptor binding characteristics, which has direct bearing on the mutual interplay of these receptors in schizophrenia. The ability of SIR to affect NMDA receptor affinity warrants deeper study. Furthermore, at the doses examined, in contrast to haloperidol, clozapine bolsters frontal cortical glutamatergic but stabilizes D1 dopaminergic pathways in a neurodevelopmental animal model of schizophrenia, possibly explaining the atypical clinical characteristics of this drug
dc.languageen
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.subjectSocial isolation rearing
dc.subjectNMDA receptor
dc.subjectD1 receptor
dc.subjectClozapine versus haloperidol
dc.subjectFrontal cortex
dc.subjectSchizophrenia
dc.titleThe effects of sub-chronic clozapine and haloperidol administration on isolation rearing induced changes in frontal cortical n-methyl-d-aspartate and d1 receptor binding in ratsen_US
dc.contributor.researchID11083417 - Harvey, Brian Herbert
dc.contributor.researchID10066357 - Brand, Linda
dc.contributor.researchID21247250 - Möller Wolmarans, Marisa
dc.contributor.researchID12537721 - Toua, Carl Christiaan


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