Exploring Factors that affect the attraction and retention of mathematics and physical sciences teachers at selected secondary schools, North West Province
Shole, Sonia Mmoniemang
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The production of every organization depends on the type of human resource it has. The Department of basic education in the North West Province is no exception. Hence, this study is about exploring factors that affect the retention and attraction of mathematics and physical sciences teachers in the selected secondary schools in North West Province. South Africa is under performing in as far as math and science is concerned , and the shortage of teachers for these subjects is one of the major contributing factors. As a consequence, the retention and attraction of math and science teachers in the Secondary Schools of the North West Province is vital. The primary objective of the study is to come up with strategies that can be implemented to retain and attract mathematics and physical sciences teachers. Talent management, as a human resource component, plays an important role in the retention of employees, including teachers. Quantitative research method was used in this study because it allows one to verify validity and reliability of data collected . A quota sampling method was applied using Sakaran table (2003:253), where a group of math and science teachers from selected secondary schools were conveniently selected . The population of math and science teachers was 101 and as a result, the researcher found it necessary to sample the whole population . The sample for the study is therefore 101 . The instrument thereof is the questionnaire which consists of the open ended and close ended questions for a clear understanding of the study objectives. Data is analysed in the form of tables and graphs for aspects covered in the questionnaire. Explanation to all the findings, which lead to recommendations, was also indicated. Based on the findings, compensation and working conditions (including learners' discipline) seem to be the major factors that affect the retention and attraction of math and science teachers and therefore the Department of Basic Education need to find strategies to improve the working conditions of these men and women as well to compensate them according to the work load and the extra mile they are always willing to take in order to improve learner's performance. Retention factors are to be taken into serious consideration as they influence the teachers to stay in their classrooms. To mention just a few, skill recognition , job flexibility, passion and commitment, good working conditions, compensation and benefits are the major retention factors explained in the study. Results are based on the findings and recommendations were made to the Department of Basic Education in the North West Province. The conclusion is linked with the objectives of the study and the findings thereof. The achievement of objectives leads to the study completion.