The Effectiveness of Tlhoafalo Basadi and Disaneng Youth Projects as Sustainable Livelihood Initiatives in Ngaka Modiri Molema District, North-West Province, South Africa
The issue of poverty and unemployment in South Africa is an ever pressing challenge. For that reason, the government through the Department of Social Development (DSD), informed by the sustainable livelihood approach, facilitates and supports income generating livelihood initiatives to achieve its broader goal for sustainable community development. This study was done at Tlhoafalo Basadi and Disaneng youth project which are part of the initiatives in Ngaka Modiri Molema aimed at reducing poverty and unemployment. The main objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of these projects in terms of reducing poverty and unemployment. To gather information, the researcher used open-ended interview guides, observation and focus group discussions. In total, twenty-one (21) participants, chosen purposively were available for the study. The population of the study included members from projects, DSD officials, municipal officials and traditional authority. The outcome of the study revealed that the projects were unable to realise sufficient income for their beneficiaries, an indication that they are not effective initiatives to graduate their beneficiaries from poverty and provide employment. It was also discovered that one of the projects could not thrive past its exit from the department. Amongst other objectives, the study also wished to ascertain the challenges faced in both projects as well as the types of support they received from different stakeholders. It was discovered that the projects had potential to be turned into successful livelihood initiatives if the challenges faced were dealt with. The challenges of insufficient skills and lack of market were among the challenges faced. As a result, there is a need for continued capacity building from various institutions through education, training and development, financial support and on-site mentorship.
- Humanities