Echocardiographic and hemodynamic indices of myocardial contractility simultaneously evaluated in telemetered beagle dogs: a HESI-sponsored cross-company evaluation
Rossman, Eric I.
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Introduction Alterations in cardiac contractility can have significant clinical implications, highlighting the need for early detection of potential liabilities. Pre-clinical methods to assess contractility are typically invasive and their translation to human measures of cardiac function are not well defined. Clinically, cardiac function is most often measured non-invasively using echocardiography. The objective of these studies was to introduce echocardiography into standard large animal cardiovascular safety pharmacology studies and determine the feasibility of this combination. Methods A consortia of laboratories combined their data sets for evaluation. At each site, telemetered beagle dogs, in a 4 × 4 Latin square crossover study design (n = 4), were administered either pimobendan (positive inotrope) or atenolol (negative inotrope) orally at clinically relevant dose levels. Standard telemetry parameters were collected (heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, etc.) continuously over 24 h, as well as derived contractility endpoints: QA interval and LV +dP/dtmax. At Tmax, echocardiography was performed in conscious dogs with minimal restraint to collect contractility parameters: ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS). Results Correlations between telemetry and echo contractility endpoints showed that, in general, a change in LV +dP/dtmax of 1000 mmHg/s translates to a 5.2% change in EF and a 4.2% change in FS. Poor correlations were shown between QA interval derived simultaneously, to both EF and FS. Discussion Comparing data from telemetry-only groups to those that included echocardiography collections showed no effect in the ability to interpret test article-related effects, providing the foundation for the inclusion of echocardiography without compromising standard telemetry data quality
- Faculty of Health Sciences