A rapid review of non death bereavement interventions for children in alternative care
Every year a large number of children enter the alternative care system due to the unsuitable circumstances in the care of their biological parents, leading to their statutory removal and placement in alternative care, including temporary safe care, foster care or child- and youth care centres. For a child, this is a significant life transition which is characterized by experiences of trauma, loss and grief. These children need therapeutic services (intervention) in order to address these experiences. Literature covers non-death experiences and bereavement intervention of children in different contexts, but only to a limited degree in terms of children in alternative care. The aim of the research is thus to do a rapid review of literature about non-death bereavement interventions for children in alternative care and make a recommendation to the academic community and the child welfare system regarding the enhancement of programs and policies to address non-death loss as experienced by children in the alternative care system. The study is a rapid review with qualitative data analysis. A total of 14 documents are reviewed. The review indicates that a standard intervention model to address loss and grief as experienced by children in the alternative care system has not yet been established. Although various treatment approaches, activities and models have been suggested, there is no indication of an empirically tested standardized intervention model in the current research.
- Health Sciences