Exploring age stereotypes between younger managers and older subordinates among employees within South African organisations
Extensive research has been conducted focusing on stereotypes in an organisation. Prior research has indicated that stereotypes can be found in organisations between various employees. These stereotypes can be identified in diverse situations and setups such as schools, universities as well as organisations. One of the areas where stereotypes are found is between a younger manager and the older subordinate. The research indicated that stereotypes have deep-set influences on the performance and relationship of both parties and can lead to negative or positive outcomes for the individuals and organisation. Thus, it is important that the topic above is researched specifically within the South African context. The objective of the present study was to explore the influence that age stereotypes has on the relationship and performance between a younger manager and older subordinate. The research was informed by the social constructivism paradigm. This study was conducted further through a qualitative method based on a phenomenological approach. A strategy of multiple case studies was used for which participants were identified through purposive and snowball sampling methods to ensure the objective of this study was achieved. The sample consisted of 24 participants (N=24) from a wide range of South African organisations, namely education institutions, telecommunications, and the public-utility industry.