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dc.contributor.authorYoung, Monica M.
dc.contributor.authorVan der Merwe, Cornelius J.
dc.contributor.authorLinde, Stefan J.L.
dc.contributor.authorDu Plessis, Johan L.
dc.identifier.citationYoung, M.M. et al. 2018. A retrospective analysis of nickel exposure data at a South African base metal refinery. Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene, 15(3):204-213. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1545-9632 (Online)
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to analyze historical soluble nickel exposure data from a South African base metal refinery and to identify trends in the soluble nickel exposure from 1981 until 2014 in the electrowinning department. Exposure data were presented in an exposure matrix, which described exposure profiles for both area and personal exposures inside two tankhouses. Exposure data were standardized by converting total nickel aerosol concentrations to inhalable nickel concentrations (correction factor 3.0). One-way analyses of variances (ANOVA) were conducted to identify significant differences in log-transformed area and personal exposures from 1982 until 2014, and the trends were assessed with linear regression. Differences were evaluated in area exposure between sections inside the tankhouses, i.e., East, West, and Center bays and in personal exposure between occupations, i.e., cell workers, crane drivers, and supervisors. Area exposure in Tankhouse 1 declined significantly (p ≤ 0.0001) between 1982 and 1986 with a factor of 29. However, after 1986 no significant downward trend in area exposure was evident in Tankhouse 1. Personal exposures in Tankhouse 1 significantly (p ≤ 0.0001) decreased with a factor of three between 1991 and 2014. No significant trends were evident in area and personal exposure in Tankhouse 2. Downward exposure trends were evident in Tankhouse 1 and may be ascribed to the implementation of various control measures and process changes, e.g., increasing polypropylene bead load. Limited data were available for Tankhouse 2, therefore, no trend in exposure could be established. Retrospective analyses may be used to identify trends and anomalies in exposure which might not have been identified during daily exposure monitoringen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.subjectHistorical exposureen_US
dc.subjectSoluble nickelen_US
dc.titleA retrospective analysis of nickel exposure data at a South African base metal refineryen_US
dc.contributor.researchID20686641 - Linde, Stephanus J.L.
dc.contributor.researchID10101268 - Du Plessis, Johannes Lodewykus
dc.contributor.researchID22170685 - Young, Monica M.
dc.contributor.researchID12835439 - Van der Merwe, Cornelius J.

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