Causes and effects of the non-disclosure of HIV/AIDS by educators : implications for school management
Kumalo, Grace Mozonaase
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The purpose of this study is to determine the causes and effects of the nondisclosure of HIVIAIDS status by educators and its implications on the management of schools. The aim is achieved firstly by conducting a literature study on the causes of the non-disclosure of HIVIAIDS status and the effects thereof on the school system and the management by the principal. Secondly, an empirical investigation is conducted on the implications for school management in mitigating the effects of the non-disclosure of HIVIAIDS status by educators at schools. Finally, recommendations are made on how educators can be encouraged to disclose their HIVIAIDS status. Findings from the literature study indicate that the level of disclosure of HIVIAIDS status is very low. Educators and learners affected and infected cannot be supported as they are only known to a chosen few. The level of absenteeism among educators and learners seems very high, which lead to increased workloads on other educators and makes it difficult for principals to carry out their duties. Substitute educators cannot be employed due to temporary and long unspecified sick leave. The quality of teaching and learning is affected, which impacts negatively on learner performance. Health Advisory Committees, awareness programmes and management strategies for the mitigation of the HIVIAIDS stigma at schools are important in the light of dealing with the causes and effects of non-disclosure. The findings from the empirical investigation indicate that the majority of respondents are not aware of the educators who are infected and affected by HIVIAIDS. Schools are in possession of HIVIAIDS policies, but indications are that they are not effectively implemented. School management strategies for mitigating the HIVIAIDS stigma are to be formulated to enhance HACs to be functional in an effort to create a conducive environment that enables the disclosure of HIVIAIDS status. Recommendations of this study urge schools to encourage educators to talk openly about their HIVIAIDS status.
- Education