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dc.contributor.authorSchutte, Aletta E.
dc.contributor.authorWare, Lisa J.
dc.contributor.authorHuisman, Hugo W.
dc.contributor.authorFourie, Carla M.T.
dc.contributor.authorGreeff, Minrie
dc.contributor.authorKhumalo, Tumi
dc.contributor.authorWissing, Marie P.
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-27T13:52:47Z
dc.date.available2016-09-27T13:52:47Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationSchutte, A.E. et al 2015. Psychological distress and the development of hypertension over 5 years in Black South Africans. Journal of clinical hypertension, 17(2):126–133. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.12455]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1524-6175
dc.identifier.issn1751-7176 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/18894
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.12455
dc.description.abstractAlarming increases in the incidence of hypertension in many low– and middle–income countries are related to alcohol overuse. It is unclear whether alcohol overuse is a symptom of psychological distress. The authors assessed psychological "distress in Africans and its relationship with a 5–year change in blood pressure (BP), independent of alcohol intake. The authors followed 107 Africans with optimal BP (?120/80 mm Hg) (aged 35 75 years) over 5 years. Alcohol intake (self–report and serum c–glutamyl transferase) and nonspecific psychological distress (Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress [K6]) were assessed. The K6 predicted hypertension development (P=.019), and its individual component nervous increased a participant s risk two–fold to become hypertensive (hazard ratio, 2.00 [1.23 3.26]). By entering K6 and c–glutamyl transferase into multivariable–adjusted regression models for change in systolic BP, both were independently associated with change in systolic BP. Psychological distress and scoring high on being nervous predicted the development of hypertension over 5 years, independent of alcohol intake.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWiley–blackwellen_US
dc.titlePsychological distress and the development of hypertension over 5 years in Black South Africansen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10062491 - Fourie, Catharina Maria Theresia
dc.contributor.researchID10187308 - Greeff, Minrie
dc.contributor.researchID10062718 - Huisman, Hugo Willem
dc.contributor.researchID11822384 - Khumalo, Itumeleng Paul
dc.contributor.researchID10922180 - Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth
dc.contributor.researchID24398330 - Ware, Lisa Jayne
dc.contributor.researchID10174524 - Wissing, Maria Philipina


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