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dc.contributor.authorBouwman, Hindrik
dc.contributor.authorBornman, Riana
dc.contributor.authorVan Dyk, Cobus
dc.contributor.authorBarnhoorn, Irene
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-13T12:54:45Z
dc.date.available2016-09-13T12:54:45Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationBouwman, H. et al. 2015. First report of the concentrations and implications of DDT residues in chicken eggs from a malaria–controlled area. Chemosphere, 137:174–177. [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/chemosphere/]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0045–6535
dc.identifier.issn1879–1298 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/18686
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.06.097
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653515007183
dc.description.abstractIn malaria-endemic areas, where DDT is still used for vector control by indoor residual spraying (IRS), the concentrations of DDT in human blood and breast milk are high, and there are indications of human health impacts. To identify the possible avenues of exposure reduction, we created the concept of a Total Homestead Environment Approach (THEA). THEA characterizes the interactions between DDT, humans, and the biota within and around homesteads. One dietary route of human exposure and uptake of DDT, namely, chicken egg consumption, has to our knowledge never been studied. The ΣDDT in eggs from a DDT-sprayed village ranged between 5200 and 48,000 ng/g wm (wet mass), with a median of 11,000 ng/g wm. On a lipid mass-basis (lm), the mean ΣDDT for eggs from the sprayed village was 100,000 ng/g lm. The maximum egg concentration observed was three orders of magnitude higher than the median. The acceptable daily intake (ADI) was not exceeded based on the consumption of three eggs per week for a 60 kg person. This equates to an intake of 0.089 g DDT per person per year. Chicken egg consumption is therefore a possible target for exposure reduction, probably best achieved by reducing the DDT concentrations in soilsen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.subjectMRLen_US
dc.subjectADIen_US
dc.subjectTHEAen_US
dc.subjecttotal homestead environment approachen_US
dc.titleFirst report of the concentrations and implications of DDT residues in chicken eggs from a malaria–controlled areaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10063773 – Bouwman, Hindrik


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