The development and validation of a value system assessment scale : a practical theological approach
Hanekom, Albertus Johannes
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This study aimed to identify, develop and validate a multidimensional scale to measure the role of value systems in relationship management to assist pastoral counsellors to make counselees aware of their value systems on a conscious level, and simultaneously provide counsellors with a concrete and scientific tool to manage the similarities and differences between counselees’ value systems and that of their intimate relationship partners. The theoretical framework, within which the scale is being developed, had been identified and described by an in-depth literature study of the relevant scientific fields. The sixteen operational assessment areas that were used for the assessment of personal values were identified: ten assessment areas were from a psychological perspective and six from a theological perspective. These values had also been analysed and a formal definition of all the assessment areas had been formulated. Specific attributes had been identified that could be associated with individuals who value aspects of the different assessment areas as part of their lives. The underlying assumptions of the classical measurement theory had been used to guide this standardization process. The coefficient Alpha has been computed and the validity of the Value System Assessment Scale (VSAS) has been investigated, by judging face and content validity as well as investigating content, factorial and construct validity. Study results show that the different subscales of the VSAS have been good reliability, content and factorial validity. Construct validity at the item level of analysis was also good. Good discriminant construct validity on the subscale level of analysis was also found. Further research on the convergent construct validity on the subscale level of analysis of seven subscales needs to be done. These subscales were challenging in the sense that either the theory did not hold acceptably for the various subscales or that more research has to be done with regard to the development of attributes and items for the different subscales. These subscales need to be subjected to additional research and analysis. The results reported in this study present a strong foundation for recommending use of the VSAS in pastoral counselling.
- Theology