Improving Grapheme–based speech recognition through P2G transliteration
Basson, Willem Diederick
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Grapheme-based speech recognition systems are faster to develop, but typically do not reach the same level of performance as phoneme-based systems. Using Afrikaans speech recognition as a case study, we first analyse the reasons for the discrepancy in performance, before introducing a technique for improving the performance of standard grapheme-based systems. It is found that by handling a relatively small number of irregular words through phoneme-to-grapheme (P2G) transliteration – transforming the original orthography of irregular words to an ‘idealised’ orthography – grapheme-based accuracy can be improved. An analysis of speech recognition accuracy based on word categories shows that P2G transliteration succeeds in improving certain word categories in which grapheme-based systems typically perform poorly, and that the problematic categories can be identified prior to system development. An evaluation is offered of when category-based P2G transliteration is beneficial and methods to implement the technique in practice are discussed. Comparative results are obtained for a second language (Vietnamese) in order to determine whether the technique can be generalised.
- Engineering