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dc.contributor.authorDu Plessis, Sophia
dc.contributor.authorVan der Berg, Servaas
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-15T10:07:36Z
dc.date.available2014-04-15T10:07:36Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationDu Plessis, S. & Van der Berg, S. 2013. Early roots of “coloured” poverty: How much can 19th century censuses assist to explain the current situation?. New Contree : A journal of Historical and Human Sciences for Southern Africa. 68:73-98, Dec. [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/4969]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0379-9867
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/10457
dc.description.abstractThe coloured population comprises almost 10 per cent of the South African population, earning only a slightly smaller proportion of national income. The average income of this group hides, however, startlingly large disparities in living standards. Their Gini coefficient has been rising, and depending on the data source one uses, appears to be close to or even above 0.60 – a level exceeded by few countries. Poverty levels are high; roughly one-quarter to one-third of all coloured people can be classified as poor, depending on the poverty line used. This poverty is in spite of the fact that during the apartheid era, coloureds were never subjected to quite the same levels of economic and socio-political discrimination as blacks and shared common languages and much of their culture with whites, which could have served as lubricant for social mobility into the middle class. Taking cognisance of these facts, the question arises why so many coloured people find themselves in a poverty trap. This paper takes a historical approach in an attempt to provide some pointers as to why poverty has remained so pervasive within this group. We present statistics on the socio-economic position of this population group, starting in 1865, when the first official census was conducted in the Cape Colony. We highlight information of interest wherever early censuses allow. This is followed by an examination of censuses and surveys dating from 1970 onwards, using micro datasets. Patterns of educational progress and exclusion are highlighted and compared with those of other groups, where possible and appropriate, becauseen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSchool for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West Universityen_US
dc.subjectColoured communityen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.subjectCape Colonyen_US
dc.subjectPovertyen_US
dc.subjectEducationen_US
dc.subjectPoverty trapen_US
dc.subjectOccupationen_US
dc.subjectEducational attainmenten_US
dc.subjectEducational patternsen_US
dc.subjectUrbanen_US
dc.subjectRuralen_US
dc.titleEarly roots of “coloured” poverty: How much can 19th century censuses assist to explain the current situation?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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