The impact of the compact city approach on medium and high-income residential areas : case study of the Wilgespruit area, Johannesburg
Steyn, Alida Susanna
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The compact city ideology represents the spatial implication of the sustainable development imperative. The study is compiled as follows: Chapter 1 deals with the problem statement and research objectives. The central theoretical statement is introduced. The method of investigation and structure of the study is explained. Chapter 2 introduces the compact city theory. Claims of the compact city and instruments to realise same are introduced. Incentives that culminated in the compact city are mentioned. Concepts of the compact city are defined and explained. Chapter 3 investigates the environmental aspects of the compact city, namely the transport dimension, health issues, private open space, renewable energy sources, the conservation of agricultural land and the vulnerability to natural hazards. Chapter 4 addresses the social aspects of the compact city. The claims and counter-claims of the compact city ideology are investigated, namely whether it improves vitality, urbanism, a sense of community and quality of life. Other claims assessed are reduced crime, revitalisation of inner areas, improved equity and lower levels of segregation. The density preferences of residents are discussed. Chapter 5 focuses on the economical aspects of the compact city. Development on greenfield vs. brownfield sites is compared. The cost of services is evaluated by means of a model. Increased land prices and affordability of houses and the effect thereof on densities is addressed. The role of government and private developers is discussed. Finally, the efficiency of cities and competition between cities is addressed. Chapter 6. The implementation and management of the compact city is researched by evaluating different policies in their historical context. Unique elements of each policy are highlighted. Finally the current policy of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality and its implication for the compact city is introduced. Chapter 7 deals with the case study: The Wilgespruit area is placed in geographical and historical perspective. The impact of the Urban Development Boundary is highlighted. The claims of the compact city ideology and whether they have materialised in the Wilgespruit area are addressed. Chapter 8 provides a conclusion of the study as well as further recommendations.
- Humanities