Evaluering van onderwysersopleiding aan inrigtings onder beheer van die Departement van Onderwys en Opleiding
The heterogeneous population in South Africa when coupled with the political trend set by the government of the day is of the utmost importance to the country and its people. The strive towards an educational system in which inhabitants. can achieve their potential, economic growth can be promoted, the quality of living can be improved and equal standards of education can become reality, cannot be realized without enough, well trained and talented teachers. According to the HSRC-investigation into Education (1981), one of the most urgent problems in black education is the critical shortage of professional and efficient teachers. This aspect has thus to do with both the quantity and quality of the teachers. The population explosion in the black communities and the resulting increase in the number of scholars demanding education are reasons for great concern. The number of black teachers being trained, must increase tremendously to cope with the growing demand. The standard of education is determined by two factors namely the quality of the person being trained and the quality of his training. To train and supply new teachers one has to reckon with both the qualitative and quantitative aspects. In supplying enough, new teachers, quality should however never be sacrificed for quantity. A balance between the two is necessary to ensure that good education will be provided for the increasing number of black children. The following aims have been formulated for this research * An evaluation of teacher training amongst blacks as it developed from the earliest times in order to determine causes for present problems. * An evaluation of present educational opportunities for black teachers to determine deficiencies. * Stipulation of directives and measures to combat the expected shortage of professionally, trained teachers. In addition to the formulation of aims the following have also received consideration in Chapter one * research methodology : the methods that have been employed in the course of the research are a study of relevant literature, the method of fundamental contemplation and the historically descriptive method * delimitation of areas and explanation of certain concepts * the structure of the research. Following the exhaustive study of the literature, Chapter two deals with the historic course of events in black teacher training from traditional times till 1978. The juridical basis and management of teacher training as a responsibility of the Department of Education and Training is discussed in Chapter three. Aspects of policy and management of education in general and teacher training specifically are also explained. The HSRC-investigation into Education (1981) is discussed as well as the Government's reaction and implementation of some of the recommendations. Chapter four deals with present training opportunities for black teachers at colleges of education. Although the initial training of teachers is emphasized, further training and in-service training is also discussed. The structures of the different teachers' diplomas namely the Pre-Primary Teachers Diploma (PPTD), Junior Primary Teachers Diploma (JPTD), Senior Primary Teachers Diploma (SPTD), Secondary Teachers Diploma (STD) and the STD Technical courses as well as the examining, certifying and requirements for enrollment are discussed. In Chapter five an evaluation is done of teacher training. Certain criteria with which an institution for teacher training should comply, are laid down. In this evaluation certain problem areas in black education are identified, and possible solutions are given to combat and overcome these problems. The summation, conclusion and recommendations end the thesis in Chapter six. Recommendations for further research are also made in this chapter.
- Education