|dc.description.abstract||In this study, which forms part of a more extensive project being undertaken by the HSRC with the eventual aim of determining the influence of television in South Africa, certain time utilization and biographical variables which are possibly related to the study habits and attitudes of Standard Eight pupils were investigated. Four groups of respondents were used in the investigation, viz 1381 White Afrikaans-speaking and English-speaking Standard B boys and girls, who were distributed on a random basis throughout the RSA. Only pupils in provincial
schools were involved. The Survey of Study Habits and Attitudes (SSHA) Form H, as well as the Biographical and Time Utilization Questionnaires, compiled by the Institute for Communication Research of the HSRC for the project "The influence of television on school-going young people", were used for the aim of the investigation. Correlations between the various scales of the SSHA and the time utilization and biographical variables were determined by calculating Bravais-Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient. The data were tested for straightness by calculating the Correlation Ratio eta (n). Positive and negative statistically significant relationships were found between both the study habits and attitudes of the pupils and certain time utilization and biographical variables.
Significantly positive correlations were found between the pupils' study habits and attitudes and biographical variables such as the occupation of the father, the state of health of the pupils, intelligence and the study aspirations of the pupils. It would furthermore appear that the SSHA is an effective predictor of school achievement and that there is a negative relationship between positive study habits and attitudes and failure at school. As regards the time utilization of the pupils it was found, inter alia, that the time which the pupils devote to their homework during the week and particularly over week-ends, the pursuit of hobbies, participation in and time spent on sport and the time which the pupils devote to reading are variables which have a positive influence on study habits and attitudes. The negative relationships which were found between the pupils' study habits and attitudes and their listening to the radio and visiting cinemas and drive-in theatres indicate that the mass media concerned are not conducive to sound study habits and
attitudes. The advent of television has complicated the research on the time utilization and study habits and attitudes of school-going pupils and this stresses the
necessity for investigations which may serve as a pre-exposure basis for later purposes of comparison.||en_US