|dc.description.abstract||A computer search proved the validity of this research. Keywords used includes school principal, school management, stress, burnout. This research centres mainly on the following problem areas: • The nature of stress and more specific in school principals; • The nature of burnout and more specific in school principals; • The relationship between burnout and stress in school principals. An investigation into the nature of stress and burnout in the RSA and abroad is based on a literature study. Technological and political changes in the RSA may increase stress and may finally lead to burnout in school principals. Uncertainty plays a very important role because school principals are forced to make constant adjustments.
Various models of stress and burnout are discussed. The management stress cycle model of Gmelch describes the four phases of stress in full detail, namely stressors, perception of stressors, reaction to stressors and the consequences of reactions. The conceptual model is used to explain burnout. There are three phases at burnout, namely emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and a decrease in personal accomplishment. Teaching is regard world-wide as a very stressful profession. Four different types of
stress as experienced abroad and in the RSA are identified with the aid of a literature study. The four are namely task-based, role-based, boundary-spanning and conflict mediating stress.
A structured postal 4uestionnaire is used in empirically investigate the presence of the four types of stress in school principals as identified in the literature study. The same questionnaire is also used to identify the presence and intensity of burnout in school principals.
The Pearson correlation coefficient is used to determine whether burnout bears any relation to stress in school principals. In conclusion, the literature study and empirical investigation are summarised. Certain findings are posed. As a result of the investigation, specific recommendations are made for implementation in practice.||en_US