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dc.contributor.authorKruger, Herculina Salome
dc.contributor.authorMamabolo, Ramoteme Lesley
dc.contributor.authorMonyeki, Makama Andries
dc.contributor.authorSchutte, Aletta Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorVan Rooyen, Johannes Marthinus
dc.contributor.authorKruger, Herculina Salome
dc.contributor.authorMamabolo, Ramoteme Lesley
dc.contributor.authorMonyeki, Makama Andries
dc.contributor.authorSchutte, Aletta Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorVan Rooyen, Johannes Marthinus
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-28T08:53:26Z
dc.date.available2012-08-28T08:53:26Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationMamabolo, R.L. et al. 2011. Association between blood pressure, measures of body composition and lifestyle factors in township adolescents, North-West Province, South Africa. African journal for physical, health education, recreation and dance (AJPHERD), 17(1):51-68. [http://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication/ajpherd] [http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajpherd]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1117-4315
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/7070
dc.description.abstractRisk factors for development of cardiovascular disease develop early in life and track into adulthood. This study investigated the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and measures of body composition in adolescents. The study participants were 307 adolescents. Blood pressure (BP) and anthropometric parameters: (weight, height, waist (WC) and hip circumferences), triceps skinfolds (TSKF) and subscapular (SSKF) skinfolds were measured. From these parameters, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), subscapular skinfold/ triceps skinfold (S/T) ratio and subscapular skinfold/ subscapular skinfold + triceps skinfold (S/ST) ratio were calculated and used as measures of body composition. In addition, percentage body fat was determined using air displacement plethysmography and the BODPOD scale. Prehypertension/hypertension was observed in 21.3% of the girls and 33.1% of the boys. No gender differences in BP were observed. Twenty-five (8.1%) of the children were overweight/obese and the prevalence in girls was higher than in boys (Χ2=6.08, p=0.048). In girls systolic blood pressure (SBP) was predicted from age, WC and TSKF while in boys it was predicted from height, TSKF and SSKF. No significant association was found between blood pressure, BMI and lifestyle factors. The study concluded that SBP in adolescents correlates with anthropometric parameters. In girls, peripheral fat was strongly related to SBP, while in boys centrally located fat showed strong association with SBP. WC rather than WHR correlated positively with SBP in both genders.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://reference.sabinet.co.za/webx/access/electronic_journals/ajpherd/ajpherd_v17_n1_a6.pdf
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherLAM Publicationsen_US
dc.subjectAnthropometryen_US
dc.subjectbody compositionen_US
dc.subjectblood pressureen_US
dc.subjecttownship adolescentsen_US
dc.titleAssociation between blood pressure, measures of body composition and lifestyle factors in township adolescents, North-West Province, South Africaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10061568 - Kruger, Herculina Salome
dc.contributor.researchID20484291 - Mamabolo, Ramoteme Lesley
dc.contributor.researchID10922180 - Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth
dc.contributor.researchID10059539 - Van Rooyen, Johannes Marthinus
dc.contributor.researchID12621595 - Monyeki, Makama Andries


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