Determinants of male involvement in modern family planning in South Africa
Maluleke, Nyiko Tricia
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Modern family planning use by both men and women is one of the vital routes for controlling fertility, population growth and improving sexual and reproductive health. Although few studies exist on family planning use by men, these studies do indicate that men are not involved in family planning activities, a fact which has greatly affected the success of family planning programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study is to assess the rate of modern family planning use by men and their involvement in family-planning decisions, and identify the predictors of family-planning use and decision-making by men in South Africa. Secondary data on men obtained from the 2003 South African Demographic and Health Survey was used for this study. Data analyses were done by use of the Pearson chi-square statistics, Binary Logistic Regression (BLR) and the Multinomial Logistic Regression (MLR) models. The study found that men are increasingly getting involved in family-planning practice in South Africa and are also highly involved in joint family-planning decisions. The study reveals that 64% of men have ever used a modern family-planning method and approximately 80% of men reported that they jointly participated in family-planning decisions with their spouses. Age cohorts, children ever born, ethnicity, marital status, level of education and perception of family planning responsibility were significant predictors of ever use of modern family-planning methods. In addition to the said variables, with the exception of the perception of family-planning responsibility, number of sexual partner and desire for more children were significant predictors of men's involvement in family planning decisions.
- Humanities