|dc.description.abstract||A philosophical inquiry is conducted regarding the view of Jacques Derrida (1930 –
2004) on deconstruction with emphasis on the argument that deconstruction is always
already present in some texts as far as metaphors are concerned. The various
underlying concepts which form part of deconstruction are investigated – concepts like
fragmentation, advanced fragmentation, dissemination and discontinuity. A case study
follows in which emphasis is placed on the way in which deconstruction as textual
process or dynamic functions in two short short stories of Breyten Breytenbach titled
Kersverhaal and Kersverhaal 2 specifically with regard to metaphors.
The finding made in this study is that metaphors like “blindness”, “the frame” and
“consciousness of the unconscious” are functioning parts of deconstruction. It was
subsequently found that deconstruction itself possibly functions metaphorically as an
“decentric circle”. Through the ages metaphors have been researched by various
philosophers and therefore a short review is given on the views of Plato, Aristotle, Kant,
Nietzsche and Ricoeur. It was concluded that the views of these five thinkers are not
totally suitable for a philosophical inquiry into metaphors specifically with regard to
Breytenbach. However, Derrida’s approach has been found to be quite suitable for an
inquiry into Breytenbach’s two short short stories, since both Derrida’s and
Breytenbach’s approaches suggest strong elements of deconstruction. Both Derrida
and Breytenbach place emphasis on spontaneous expression in literary-aesthetical
texts, with specific regard to the role that the human unconscious plays. They both also
have a critical view of traditions and therefore this study also focuses on the role that
colours traditionally played, compared to the role colours like white and black play in
Breytenbach’s Kersverhaal and Kersverhaal 2 – especially as a result of ethnocentrism
in the historic, social and political background of South Africa.
The prominent metaphors “blindness”, “the frame” and “consciousness of the
unconscious”, which form part of the functioning of deconstruction, function analogically
in the two texts of Breytenbach; especially concerning the way in which fragmentation,
advanced fragmentation, dissemination and discontinuity function within these texts.
Accordingly it is also illustrated in which way reconstruction plays a role as a parallel
process of deconstruction in the two texts.
In spite of the fact that deconstruction is an advantageous textual process or dynamic,
there are certain flaws and/or limitations. Consequently attention is also paid to the
presence of logocentric constructs like historicism, irrationalism and postmodernism /
poststructuralism within the functioning of deconstruction.
In the end the critical-philosophical reassessment of deconstruction and metaphors is
successful, regardless of certain flaws and/or limitations of deconstruction.||en_US