Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorJanion-Scheepers, Charlene
dc.contributor.authorFourie, Driekie
dc.contributor.authorTheron, Pieter
dc.contributor.authorUeckermann, Eddie
dc.contributor.authorMeasey, John
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-15T08:23:15Z
dc.date.available2017-05-15T08:23:15Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationJanion-Scheepers, C. et al. 2016. Soil biota in a megadiverse country: current knowledge and future research directions in South Africa. Pedobiologia, 59(3):129-174. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2016.03.004]
dc.identifier.issn0031-4056
dc.identifier.issn1873-1511 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/23400
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2016.03.004
dc.description.abstractSoils are integral to agricultural productivity, biodiversity, and the maintenance of ecosystem services. However, soil ecosystem research depends on foundational biological knowledge that is often missing. In this review, we present a comprehensive, cross-taxa overview of the soil biota of South Africa. We discuss the literature and sampling methods used to assess soil biota, the available taxonomic expertise and main collections within South Africa, the availability of identification guides and online resources, and the status and distribution of described species. We include species lists for all South African soil biota and, for groups with sufficient distribution records, species richness maps. Despite South Africa being only 0.8% of the earth’s terrestrial area, it contains nearly 1.8% of the world’s described soil species (mean per taxon 3.64%, range 0.17–15%; n = 36 groups), with nematodes and earthworms showing a remarkable (6.4 and 7.7%) proportion of globally described diversity. Endemism is high for most groups, ranging from 33–92%. However, major knowledge gaps exist for most soil biota groups. While sampling has been relatively comprehensive in some areas for a few groups (particularly those with direct socioeconomic impacts), the Nama-Karoo, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape are poorly sampled. Natural soils in biodiversity hotspots, such as the Fynbos Biome, are also understudied. We argue that a more integrative approach to acquiring foundational knowledge in soil biodiversity is needed if applied soil research is to be effective in ensuring sustainable soil health. Considerable investment will be required to bring our understanding of the soil biodiversity in this megadiverse region to a level where the Millennium Development Goals can be reached
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.subjectBiodiversity
dc.subjectConservation
dc.subjectSoil health
dc.subjectPedobiology
dc.subjectBelowground biodiversity
dc.subjectTaxonomy
dc.subjectEndemism
dc.titleSoil biota in a megadiverse country: current knowledge and future research directions in South Africa
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.researchID10148620 - Fourie, Hendrika
dc.contributor.researchID10175709 - Theron, Pieter Daniel
dc.contributor.researchID10999876 - Ueckermann, Edward Albert


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record