|dc.description.abstract||The purpose of this dissertation was to determine if the cumulative impacts
from point source discharges in the Kromdraai Catchment area sigdicantly
impacting on the fitness of use of the surface water resource.
The Kromdraai catchment area is located within the Upper Vaal Water
Management Area and includes the Upper and Lower Wonderfonteinspruit,
the Mooi River and the Loopspruit. The catchment area stretches from
Krugersdorp to the confluence with the Vaal River and includes the towns of
Westonaria, Carletonville, FochviUe and Potchefstroom. Various dams are
situated within the catchment area, these include the Donaldson Dam,
Klipdrift Dam, Boskop Dam, Klerkskraal Dam and the Potchefstroom Dam.
In order to calculate relevant salt loads reference was made to the Best Practice
Guideline Document for the compilation of water and salt balances (DWAF,
1999b:16). The assessment made use of the concentration of salts discharged
in kg per day (also referred to as the Total Dissolved Salts or TDS in mg/l) in
order to assess the levels of impact. The said method described was utilised
throughout the assessment.
In order to establish an informed assessment the following methodology was
Collation of information in order to obtain:
- Understanding the activities of point source discharge.
- Localities of discharge.
- Quantities and qualities of discharge.
Site visits to:
- Obtain and clarify information.
- Obtain additional information.
- Form a holistic view of the area.
Review of information:
- Missing information was sourced.
- Personal contact with point source dischargers.
Cumulative impact assessment:
- Impact was calculated in accordance to the guidelines of
- Based on the results certain cumulative impact assessments
were made, limitations and problem areas were highlighted
and certain recommendations made.
The following point source dischargers discharge directly into the surface
Merafong City Lou1 Municipality
Oberholzer Sewage Works;
Khutsong Sewage Works;
Wedela Sewage Works;
Welverdiend Sewage Works;
Fochville Sewage Works;
Mogale City Municipality
Flip Human Sewage Works;
Hannes van Niekerk Sewage Works;
Potchefstroom Local Municipality
Potchefstroom Water Care Works
The following mining activities have a direct point source discharge point into
the catchment area:
GoldFieIds Limited - Hoof Gold Mine, Driefontein Consolidated
AngloGold Ashanti - West Wits
Durban Roodepoort Deep - Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mine
Harmony Gold Mine - Deelkraal and Elandsrand, Randfontein
The conclusion that was formed based on the results of the different point
source discharges was that:
No single point of discharge can be identified as a major polluter.
Certain of the point discharge sources were found to be discharging
water containing waste with TDS concentrations above the
acceptable Water Research Commission Guideline (1998: 59) for
drinking water, however none of these point source discharges ever
contained TDS concenhations of a magnitude that poses a risk to
The point source dischargers are cumulatively responsible for the
raised levels of salts found in the surface water resource. It should
be noted that this raised level is still not deemed to be a health risk to
humans as per the standards.
It was found that the state of especially municipal water care works
is in need of urgent upgrading and maintenance as well as
management. This was especially clear from site visits although not
evident in the monitoring data.
The assessment was done with data received from different point
source dischargers. Throughout the assessment averaged figures
were utilized. It should be noted that a great discrepancy exist in the
methods used by the dischargers i.e. dates of sampling, times of
sampling, methods of analysis, regularity of sampling and sampling
Final conclusion was that a uniform system of monitoring and analysis
throughout the region would provide a much more accurate and clear
indication of actual state and possible impact on the surface water resources.||