Nurse reported quality and safety of patient care and adverse events in medical and surgical units in selected private and public hospitals in the Free State and North West Provinces
Clase, Jeannette Wilhelmina
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The dualistic South African health system is divided into a private and public health care sector. The core difference between these two sectors is that private hospitals are based on a business model with a profit motive, while public hospitals offer a free service, accessible to all citizens of South Africa and is nurse-driven. The increased need towards higher quality health care is evident in the launching of the National Health Insurance system. The pilot of this system was activated in ten sub-districts in South Africa and will become the mechanism to enhance quality and safety of patient care in the private and public sectors. Registered nurses’ reporting of quality and safety of patient care is an important factor in quality-related research and has been linked with international studies on quality of care. As the registered nurses are directly involved in all the facets of patient care, this population serves as a valuable contribution in the assessment of quality care. In this research quality of care refers to quality, patient safety and adverse events. Quality of care refers to the extent to which actual care is in conformity with the present criteria for good care. Patient safety is a parameter used to monitor and enhance quality. Through enhanced patient safety, adverse events can be prevented. Adverse events refer to all the incidents that can affect a patient during hospitalisation that is not due to the patient’s illness, such as hospital acquired infections, medication safety and patient falls with injury. This research aimed to explore and describe the nurse reported differences in quality of care, patient safety and adverse events in the adult medical and surgical units of private and public hospitals in the Free State and North West Provinces. This study was conducted within the RN4CAST research programme, an international consortium of fifteen countries working together towards the formulation of nurse workforce forecasting models. A quantitative, correlational, explorative, descriptive and contextual design was followed. The population consisted of registered nurses employed for at least one year in the selected private and public hospitals in the two participating provinces. Private hospitals with more than 100 beds were included. The public hospitals had a level three status. An all-inclusive sampling was conducted (n=332) after participants gave informed consent. Data was collected through the completion of the National Nurse Survey that covered four sections of which quality of care, patient safety and adverse events was one. Field workers were utilised during data collection. Data capturing was conducted by means of EpiData 3.1. Secondary data analysis was utilised by means of SPSS 16.0. Descriptive statistics were extracted with regard to the demographic status of the participants. The descriptive statistics were congruent with the demographic profile of nursing in South Africa. The inferential statistics included the difference in quality of care, patient safety and adverse events between the private and public hospitals in the selected provinces. Both the t-test based on the quality of care and patient safety as well as the Mann-Whitney test on adverse events indicated an insignificant difference between nurse reported quality of care, patient safety and adverse events between the private and public hospitals. Reliability and validity were assured and recommendations were formulated for nursing education, practice and research.
- Health Sciences