Die gesindheid van die hoorder as moontlike geruis (kommunikasiestoornis tussen prediker en gehoor) in die oordrag van die preek : 'n homiletiese studie
Du Preez, Andreas Petrus
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In this homiletical investigation in which it was attempted to study hearers' attitude as possible noise (communication barrier between preacher and hearer) in the process of transferring the message of a sermon, the following aspects were incorporated: Basis-theoretical perspectives on the attitude of hearers as possible cause of noise in the process of transferring the message of a sermon. (To illustrate this facet the parable of the sower in Luke 8:4-15 was analysed.) Meta-theoretical perspectives on hearers' attitude as possible cause of noise in the process of transferring the message of a sermon. (Perspectives from the fields of Psychology and Communication Sciences, as well as empirical data obtained were implemented in this section of the investigation.) Practice-theoretical perspectives on hearers' attitude as possible noise in the process of transferring the message of a sermon. (Results of the hermeneutical interaction between basis-theoretical and meta-theoretical material were included in this section.) In Chapter 1 it was attempted to reach the set aim by analysing Luke 8:4-15, indicating the broad thought structure of this pericope. On the basis of the thought structure the nature of the interaction between preacher, hearer, attitude and noise was also illustrated schematically. These schematic illustrations gave an indication of the following: the macro-structure of this section from Scripture, the paragraph layout, the text layout and the micro-structure. In the exegetical part in which the above-mentioned aspects were investigated in more detail the following were focused on: preacher and preaching, the spirituality of the preacher, hearers' attitude, the nature of noise originating in the process of communicating the message of a sermon, and the influence of Satan in the process of listening. The nature of Jesus's preaching was traced by analysing the parable of the sower. In this parable four kinds of hearers are highlighted: those influenced by Satan, those touched by short-lived emotions, those influenced by temptations, and in final instance, those in whose lives the Word of God impacts positively. In the parable four possible conditions of soil are utilised as images to explain in concrete terms the nature of the noise that obstructs the possible positive influence and outcome of the process of preaching. The kind of soil can for instance be characterised by its hardness, lack of depth or being obstructed by weeds. Seed can only germinate in good and fertile soil. In Chapter 3 the set aim was approached on meta-theoretical level. The development and the changing of attitude were discussed within the fields of Psychology and the subdivision of Social Psychology, as well as in the field of Communication Sciences. Noise as interpreted within the framework of the Social Sciences was also investigated. The conclusion arrived at was that the existence of the concept of noise has increasingly been acknowledged in the fields of both Psychology and Communication Sciences. The point of departure of this study was that human change of attitude is primarily brought about by the Holy Spirit. It was, however, also emphasised that available techniques from the field of contemporary Communication Sciences can be implemented to effect a change in attitude. Chapter 4 indicated practice-theoretically that noise will inevitably remain part of the homiletical process. In an attempt to eliminate the effect of communication barriers preachers as well as hearers should practise their spirituality, help one another to focus on the cross, and listen positively to the message of the Word. This study attempted to investigate the attitude of hearers as possible noise (communication barriers between preacher and hearer) in transferring the message of a sermon. The nature of the homiletical process was illustrated by means of analysing Luke 8:4-15. In the light of data thus obtained perspectives on ways to counter act noise in the process of preaching were given.
- Theology