Reconciling divine sovereignty with libertarian free will: a metaphysical and theological approach
Stratton, Timothy Andrew
MetadataShow full item record
In this study, the argument is that a person can hold logically to both libertarian free will on the one hand and divine sovereignty and predestination on the other without doing an injustice to either. The study begins with an exploration of the corpus of Scripture and textual illustrations of both these seeming opposites. Because both are found there, it is not surprising that scholars from the earliest days after the completion of the New Testament to the present day have adopted either one position or have proposed ways that both can be harmonized without denying or diminishing either. Several chapters—especially Chapters 3,4,6—have been devoted to tracing these attempts throughout history, often by citing the writings of key theologians. Turning to philosophy, logical arguments are made in support of libertarian freedom as contrasted with determinism. Such argumentation is then explored from the perspective of Luis de Molina, and it is argued that his theology of “middle knowledge” can bridge best the often-contentious debate and harmonize human freedom and God’s sovereignty. The value of such a study not only benefits the Christian’s apologetic but also practical Christian living.
- Theology