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dc.contributor.advisor
dc.contributor.authorMathebula, Mandla
dc.contributor.authorMokgoatšana, Sekgothe
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-15T11:13:59Z
dc.date.available2019-03-15T11:13:59Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationMathebula, M. & Mokgoatšana, S. 2018. Reconstructing Changamire’s family roots: new evidence from the Valoyi oral history. New Contree : A journal of Historical and Human Sciences for Southern Africa. 81:27-39, Jul. [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/4969]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0379-9867
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/31990
dc.description.abstractThe Munhumutapa (or Monomotapa) empire became a major political entity in Southern Africa from around 1420 AD. Founded and ruled by the Nembire family, its territory covered areas in the present-day Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Its rulers used the title ‘Munhumutapa’, derived from the founder’s nickname, which was later adopted by the empire itself. All the rulers during the first century of the empire’s existence are known, and so are the relationships with each other, except with the fifth ruler, Changamire, whose relationship with the other rulers has been debated for years. There are two schools of thought: One that identifies him with the Nembire; and another linking him with the Torwa, a ruling lineage of the empire’s Mbire province. Consequently, Changamire’s history is confused and his contribution to the ancient history of Southern Africa is under-researched. This has affected studies on the various roles he played in his lifetime: As ruler of the empire’s Guruuswa province; as fourth Munhumutapa’s chief justice and army commander; as the fifth Munhumutapa ruler; and later, his association with Butua state (centred in the Mbire and Guruuswa provinces). In this article some views are exchanged and compared with new information from the Valoyi oral history.en_US
dc.description.uri
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSchool for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West Universityen_US
dc.subjectChangamireen_US
dc.subjectTorwaen_US
dc.subjectNembireen_US
dc.subjectMunhumutapaen_US
dc.subjectValoyien_US
dc.subjectKalangaen_US
dc.subjectLozwien_US
dc.subjectButuaen_US
dc.titleReconstructing Changamire’s family roots: new evidence from the Valoyi oral historyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID


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