Numerical simulation of break flows occurring in the reactor cavity cooling system of a very high temperature reactor using a system CFD approach
Du Toit, C.G.
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To avoid accidents due to human error or the failure of components, the reactor cavity cooling system (RCCS) of a high temperature reactor must be able to operate naturally or passively safe. The system under consideration in this investigation is an air-cooled system which consists of an annular downcomer which is connected via a bottom-header to riser tubes. The downcomer and riser tubes are connected to the atmosphere via inlet and outlet manifold systems respectively. In this study the entire system is simulated using the 1D network codes GAMMA+ and Flownex. The study investigates the effect that breaks, causing a short circuit between one half of the inlet manifold and the corresponding half of the outlet manifold, will have on the performance of the cooling system. The agreement between the results obtained with the two codes is good. When the break size exceeds a certain value the flow may reverse in the relevant half of the outlet manifold. The critical break size is dependent on the elevation at which the break occurs. The reversal in the flow results in a drop of 10% in the heat removal capacity of the RCCS