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The development of modals of obligation and necessity in white South African English through contact with Afrikaans
This article draws attention to the uniqueness of modality in White South African English (WSAfE), when compared with other native English varieties. This uniqueness is found in the historical development of the modal ...
Do the Modals of Black and White South African English Converge?
Convergence between native and nonnative varieties, the so-called settler and indigenous strands of English in postcolonial settings, is a characteristic of the fourth phase in Schneider’s dynamic model of English. The ...