Dualistiese benaderings ten opsigte van musiek en kerkmusiek
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The paper endeavours to identify dualistic concepts in music and church music and to offer an integrated alternative. Examples of dualistic thinking: The separation of the human being into “body” and “soul”; of music into an either “autonomous” kind versus a “heteronomous” one, or music having a” metaphysical” versus a “physical” existence, or music consisting of a “form” filled with “content”; “sacred music” versus “secular music”. Dualisms originate also from language use: Adjectives and adverbs (qualities of objects or actions) are constantly changed into abstract nouns (“things”), such as ”something beautiful” becomes “something has/contains beauty”. An integrated model of musical understanding based on the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd (two Appendices) serves as one example of overcoming dualisms. Music is rather a way of perceiving the world through its unique use of qualities it shares with non-musical things. Church musicians are encouraged to avoid dualistic attitudes, such as “organist” versus “minister”; “autonomous music” versus “chorale text”; ”sacred traditional church music” versus “secular praise bands”. From his experience in his Anglican church in Edmonton, Canada, the author illustrates the use of a youth choir as a valuable tool to bridge the gap between traditional and contemporary services.