The validation of a revised version of the job Insecurity scale in South Africa
Barnard, Neil Bertrand
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The De Witte (2000) Job Insecurity Scale (JIS) claims to measure the cognitive and affective dimensionalities of job insecurity. However, there is a concern as to whether this is in fact a true reflection of the individual, owing to the possibility that the JIS may rather measure the negative and positive dimensionalities of job insecurity instead. This research article aims to investigate whether a revised version of the JIS measures the cognitive and affective dimensionalities of job insecurity, or alternatively, other dimensionalities of the revised JIS after additional items have been added to the scale. Furthermore, it is aimed at determining whether the constructs of the revised JIS prove to be invariant across gender, age and educational level, and to determine whether the psychometric properties of a revised version of the JIS is a valid and reliable instrument. Furthermore, this research article aims at determining if the revised version of the JIS is a more accurate indicator of job insecurity and its relation with organisational outcomes (job satisfaction and organisational commitment), as well as its equivalence across various demographic variables (i.e. gender, age and educational level). A quantitative research approach was used. This approach was utilised to statistically reflect the psychometric properties of the revised version of the JIS, using large amounts of data relating to job insecurity. A cross-sectional design was used for the purpose of this study. The sample consisted of employees working in the mining sector (n = 262) and manufacturing industries (n = 208), constituting a total sample of 470 (n = 470). Non-probability quota sampling was used to adequately divide the population according to its sector in the economy, and further according to the industry. The results showed that the revised JIS consists of a two-factor model, namely job security and job insecurity. Furthermore, it was found that the revised JIS is valid in providing relationships with organisational outcomes (job satisfaction and organisational commitment). The study indicated that job insecurity has a negative relationship with job satisfaction, as well as a predictive positive relationship with organisational commitment. The revised JIS proved to have discriminant validity in that it does not relate to an unrelated construct (physical tiredness during work). Lastly, the revised JIS can be deemed valid across different demographic groups (gender, age and educational level). Recommendations are made to be applied in practice, as well as for future research.