Now showing items 1-929 of 929

      Subject
      10/12 Cycle block [1]
      2.0 [1]
      Academic Credentials [1]
      Access [1]
      acetic acid [1]
      Action Research [1]
      Action research [3]
      Active learning [1]
      Active magnetic bearing [1]
      active magnetic bearing [1]
      Active power [1]
      Active RFID tags [1]
      active surface area [1]
      Actor network theory [1]
      Ad hoc networks [3]
      adaptive control [1]
      Additive manufacturing [1]
      adsorption affinity [3]
      AERONET [1]
      Aerosol [1]
      aerosol composition [1]
      Africa [1]
      African Union [1]
      Agents [2]
      agents [1]
      Air pollution control [3]
      Algebraic codes [1]
      Algorithm design and analysis [2]
      Algorithms [2]
      Alumina [1]
      Aminopyridine [1]
      Ampacity [1]
      Anomalous vehicle behavior [1]
      Anti-corruption [1]
      Antimalarial agent [1]
      AOD [1]
      apparent charge [1]
      Artificial neural network [1]
      Assessment of harmonic emission [1]
      Assessment of insulation systems [2]
      Asymmetric system [1]
      Asynchronous sampling [1]
      Atmospheric gasoil [1]
      Attapulgite [1]
      attapulgite [1]
      Auto-ID [2]
      auxiliary bearings [1]
      Awareness [1]
      Axial-flow compressor [1]
      B. subtilis [1]
      Backpropagation [1]
      Backup bearings [1]
      Basden’s Human Usage of Computers (HUC) [1]
      BD_ADDRESS [1]
      Behavior [1]
      Bentonite clay [2]
      bentonite clay [1]
      Billing models [1]
      Binarization [1]
      Binary class [1]
      biodegradation [1]
      Biodiesel [1]
      Bioethanol [1]
      Bioethanol production [1]
      Biometrics [1]
      bitstream [1]
      BLA [1]
      black carbon [1]
      Blackberry messenger (BBM) [2]
      Blended diesel [1]
      Bluetooth [1]
      Boost converter [1]
      boundary layer [1]
      BRAM [1]
      Branding [1]
      Brayton cycle [1]
      Bridges [1]
      Broadband internet [1]
      Cancer [1]
      Capacity building [1]
      Carbon‐14 [1]
      Case studies [1]
      cation exchange capacity [1]
      Cationic- and anionic-dyes [1]
      cell viability [1]
      Cell-free DNA [1]
      Cement industry [1]
      Central composite design [1]
      Ceramic [1]
      Chemical energy [1]
      Children's technology usage [1]
      Choke monitoring [1]
      Circuits [1]
      City of Johannesburg [1]
      Class A [1]
      Classification [2]
      clay [1]
      Clayey materials [1]
      clinoptilolite [1]
      Cloud computing [1]
      co-digestion [1]
      Co-processing [1]
      Coal [3]
      Coal ore classification [1]
      Cogeneration [1]
      Cognitive radio [1]
      cold chain [1]
      Combined power generation capacity [1]
      Commercial high rise [1]
      Communication [3]
      Complex systems [1]
      Compliance to compatibility [1]
      Compressed air systems [3]
      compressed air systems [1]
      Compressive sensing [1]
      Compressors [1]
      compressors [2]
      Computational fluid dynamics [1]
      Computer Networks [1]
      Computer science [2]
      Computer-mediated communication [1]
      computerised control [1]
      Computing curricula [1]
      computing curricula [1]
      computing cuuricula [1]
      Conceptual knowledge [1]
      conceptual understanding [1]
      Condition monitoring [1]
      Condition monitoring, non-intrusive [1]
      Conductor rating [1]
      Consumer [1]
      Consumption profiles [1]
      Containers [1]
      context of problem [1]
      Contextualization [1]
      Control [1]
      control [2]
      control of large-scale systems [1]
      Cooling [4]
      Cooperative systems [1]
      Corpus validation [1]
      Corruption [3]
      Cosmic-Ray [1]
      cost estimation [1]
      Cost reduction [1]
      cost reduction [4]
      Cottonseed oil [1]
      Counter-flow heat exchanger [1]
      Country-specific developments [1]
      Coverage maps [1]
      Critical social research [1]
      Critical success factors [1]
      Critical Systems Thinking [1]
      Critical systems thinking [1]
      Cross-border [2]
      Cross-border processes [2]
      cross-domain [1]
      crossborder [1]
      crude glycerol [1]
      Crushing [1]
      Cryptography [1]
      Cultural context [1]
      Cultural factors [1]
      Current interrupt [1]
      Current unbalance [1]
      Current unbalance factor [1]
      Curriculum development [1]
      Customs processes [2]
      Customs risk engine [2]
      Data [1]
      Data acquisition [1]
      Data dashboards [1]
      Data handling [1]
      Data mining [3]
      Data models [1]
      Data structures [2]
      Database systems [1]
      DC-DC power convertors [1]
      DEBITS [1]
      Decoding [1]
      Degree of attainment [1]
      Delays [2]
      Delivery [1]
      Demand side management [5]
      demand side management [11]
      Democratic Institutions [1]
      Democratic transition [1]
      Demodulators [1]
      Demographic characteristics [1]
      Deregulation [1]
      Description logics [1]
      Design [2]
      Design science research [1]
      Developing countries [1]
      Developing world technology usage [1]
      diagnostics [1]
      Diffusion [1]
      Digital divide [1]
      Digital signatures [2]
      Discourse [1]
      dolomite [1]
      Domain ontology [1]
      Domestic appliances [1]
      domestic burning [1]
      Dooyeweerd [2]
      Dooyeweerdian modal aspects [2]
      Dooyeweerdian philosophy [1]
      Drainage [1]
      Dry coal beneficiation [1]
      Drying [1]
      DTMF [2]
      dtSearch [1]
      Dual tone multi frequency [1]
      dye removal [1]
      Dynamic spectrum access [1]
      dynamic spectrum access [1]
      Dynamic spectrum access (DSA) [1]
      E-government [1]
      E-learning [1]
      e-Learning [2]
      Ecc [1]
      Economic development policy development [1]
      Economic Forces [1]
      Economics [1]
      Education [4]
      efficiency [1]
      Electrical energy [1]
      electricity generation [1]
      Electricity supply industry [2]
      Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) [1]
      electrochemical model [1]
      electrode morphology [1]
      Electrolyser [1]
      Electronic engineering [1]
      Electronic vehicle identification [1]
      Elliptic curve cryptography [1]
      Email security [1]
      Emission Mitigation [1]
      Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) [1]
      Empirical probability generating function [1]
      Employee behaviour [1]
      Encoding [1]
      energy [2]
      Energy conservation [2]
      energy conservation [8]
      energy consumption [1]
      Energy efficiency [3]
      energy efficiency [1]
      energy management [1]
      Energy management systems [1]
      energy management systems [1]
      Energy Modeling [1]
      energy resources [1]
      Energy storage [1]
      Energy-based visualisation [2]
      Engineering design [1]
      Engineering education [1]
      ensemble [1]
      Enterprise-wide projects [1]
      environmental economics [1]
      Environmental Forces [1]
      Environmental sustainability [1]
      Equal area criteria [1]
      Equations [1]
      Equipment, tools and products [1]
      Equivalent electrical circuit [1]
      Error correction [1]
      Error correction codes [1]
      Euler-Bernoulli beam [1]
      Evaluation [1]
      Evaporation [1]
      EVI [1]
      Evolutionary computation [1]
      Extended programmes [1]
      Face centered [1]
      Face recognition [1]
      Facebook [1]
      Facility layout [1]
      FAS [1]
      Fault detection and diagnosis [1]
      Fault identification [1]
      FDM [1]
      Feature extraction [2]
      Ferrochrome smelter plant [1]
      Field programmable gate arrays [1]
      financial time series [1]
      Fine coal [1]
      Fines [1]
      Fingerprint [1]
      Finite element analysis [1]
      Fixed pitch wind turbine [1]
      Flaring percentage [1]
      Flow (Dynamics) [1]
      Fluctuating [2]
      Fluidized bed [1]
      Flywheels [1]
      Focus group [1]
      Focused Intervention Study [1]
      Food insecurity [2]
      Food security [2]
      Foot [1]
      Foreign exchange rate forecasting [1]
      FOSS [1]
      Foundation provision [1]
      Fourier transform [1]
      FPGA [2]
      Freight [1]
      freight [1]
      Freight logistics [2]
      Frequency [1]
      Fundamental [1]
      Fundamental frequency [1]
      Fundamental indicators [1]
      Fuzzy logic [2]
      Fuzzy neural nets [1]
      Galerkin finite element method [1]
      Gamification [1]
      GANN [1]
      gas analyser [1]
      Gas engines [1]
      Gauteng Provincial Legislature [1]
      Generation Z [1]
      Generators [1]
      Genetic algorithms [1]
      Global Positioning System [1]
      Goodness of pronunciation [1]
      Governance [1]
      GPRS [1]
      GPS tracking [2]
      Grants [2]
      Grapheme-based ASR [2]
      Grapheme-to-phoneme [1]
      Grate incineration [1]
      Green computing [1]
      Green customs lane [1]
      Green customs lanes [1]
      Green Information Systems (Green IS) [1]
      Green Information Technology (Green IT), [1]
      Green IS framework [1]
      Grid code compliance [1]
      ground-based spectrometer [1]
      Grounded Theory Method [1]
      GSM [2]
      Habermas [1]
      Harmonic analysis [1]
      Harmonic distortion [3]
      Harmonic emission [2]
      Harmonic phasor [1]
      Harmonic vector method [2]
      Healthcare [1]
      Heat balance equation [1]
      Heat pumps [1]
      Heat transfer [1]
      Heating [1]
      heavy and light metals [1]
      Helical movement of the rotor [1]
      helicopter systems [1]
      Higher Education [2]
      Higher education [1]
      histograms [1]
      HIV [1]
      Human factors [1]
      Human need [1]
      Hybrid electric vehicle [1]
      Hydrodesulphurisation [1]
      Hydrogen [2]
      hydrogen production [1]
      Hydrotreatment [1]
      ICT [2]
      ICT education [1]
      ICT security awareness [1]
      IDAF [1]
      Idea2Product [1]
      Identity theft [1]
      IDS [1]
      IEC 61000-4-30 [2]
      IEEE 1459 [1]
      IEEE 1459-2010 [1]
      ILP [1]
      Impact Analysis [1]
      Implementation experiences [1]
      Indigenous peoples & technology issues/applications [1]
      induced tolerance [1]
      Induction motor [1]
      induction motors [2]
      Industrial Engineering [1]
      Industrial engineering [2]
      Industrial plants [1]
      Industries [1]
      Industry [1]
      Informatics [1]
      Information [1]
      Information access [1]
      Information and communication technology (ICT) [1]
      information management [1]
      Information security [1]
      Information security awareness [2]
      Information system development teams [1]
      Information Systems [1]
      Information systems education [3]
      inhibition [1]
      Insider trading [1]
      Instant messaging (IM) [1]
      Institutional governance [1]
      Instructor training and support [1]
      Integrity [1]
      Intelligent control [1]
      intelligent control [1]
      Inter-area oscillation [1]
      Inter-area oscillation monitoring [1]
      Inter-disciplinary [1]
      Interactive data visualization [1]
      Interactive voice response [1]
      Intercultural communication [1]
      Internal Controls [1]
      Interpolation [2]
      Interpretive research [1]
      Interviews [1]
      Intonation model [1]
      invertors [1]
      Investment [1]
      IS curriculum [1]
      IS innovation [1]
      IsiXhosa [1]
      isotherm [1]
      IT workforce [1]
      IV [1]
      IVR [1]
      IVR systems [1]
      Jensen- Shannon divergence [1]
      Job satisfaction [1]
      Joint harmonic active power [1]
      Joint sequence models [1]
      Kaldi [1]
      Kinematics [1]
      kinetic [1]
      kinetics [1]
      Knowledge [1]
      Kriging [1]
      kriging [1]
      kriging interpolation [1]
      Labour unions [1]
      Langmuir isotherm [1]
      Language model [1]
      Law enforcement [1]
      lead-acid battery [1]
      Leak [1]
      Learnability [1]
      learning management systems [2]
      Lecture transcription [1]
      Legged locomotion [1]
      Lemmatisation [1]
      lignocellulosic sources [1]
      Line start [1]
      line-start [1]
      Linear error correction [1]
      linear optimal control [1]
      linear Regression [1]
      Linguistics [1]
      Localization of harmonic sources [1]
      Logistics [2]
      logistics [1]
      logistics management [1]
      Longley-Rice ITM [1]
      losses [1]
      Low-resource speech recognition [1]
      Low-resourced areas [1]
      LQR control method [1]
      LS-PSMS [1]
      LSP [1]
      Macerals [1]
      machine control [1]
      Machine design [1]
      machine design [1]
      Machine learning [1]
      Machine learning algorithms [2]
      magnetic bearings [1]
      Magnetic levitation [1]
      maintenance engineering [1]
      Management [1]
      Managing receipt of gifts [1]
      Maslow [2]
      Maslow hierarchy [1]
      Mass surveillance [1]
      Match-on-Card [1]
      Mathematics [1]
      Matlab®/Simulink® [1]
      Matrix language [1]
      Mechanistic system [1]
      Medical information search [1]
      Medical waste [1]
      MeerKAT [1]
      Member checking [1]
      metabolomics [1]
      metal adsorption [1]
      Metal retention [1]
      Microbial fuel cell [1]
      mine effluent [1]
      mine effluents [1]
      Mine industry [1]
      Minimum standards in quality of supply [1]
      Mining [1]
      mining [7]
      mining industry [3]
      Mobile learning [1]
      Mobile phones [1]
      Mobile radio [1]
      Mobile search [1]
      Mobile voice-based services [1]
      MOC [1]
      modelling [1]
      Moisture [2]
      Moisture control [1]
      Monitoring [1]
      Monitoring and performance assessment [1]
      Motor Insulation tests [2]
      MPUI [1]
      multi-objective optimisation [1]
      multilingual [1]
      Multilingual speech processing [1]
      Multilingual speech recognition [1]
      multinomial naive Bayes [1]
      Multivariate models [1]
      Municipal solid waste [1]
      Municipality [2]
      MXit [2]
      named entity classification [1]
      Natural language processing [1]
      Near density material [1]
      Negative sequence fundamental frequency active and reactive power [2]
      Negative-sequence components [1]
      Network coding [5]
      Network coherent data [1]
      Network harmonic impedances [2]
      network modelling [1]
      Network planning [1]
      Network risk management [1]
      Networks [1]
      Neural modelling [2]
      Neural network [1]
      Neural Network, Adaptive Control, Helicopter Systems [1]
      Neural Networks [1]
      Neural networks [1]
      Nigeria [1]
      Niobium [2]
      NO2 [1]
      Node placement [1]
      Noninvasive [2]
      NSA [1]
      Nuclear energy [1]
      Nuclear power stations [1]
      numerical simulation and super-computing [1]
      Object oriented programming [1]
      OCC [1]
      Off-gas [3]
      on-line fault diagnosis and correction [1]
      On-road antenna [1]
      Online [1]
      Online measurements [2]
      Online reputation monitor [1]
      OpenStack [1]
      Operating temperature [1]
      Optimal control [1]
      optimal control [1]
      optimisation [1]
      Optimization [1]
      Optimized scheduling [1]
      Oral Users [1]
      ordinary kriging [1]
      Organic carbon [1]
      OSBP [1]
      Out-of-step [2]
      Overload Control Centres [1]
      Oversight [1]
      OWL [1]
      P. aeruginosa [1]
      P2G transliteration [1]
      Pairing [1]
      Pan African parliament [1]
      partial discharge (PD) [1]
      Pattern matching [1]
      Pedagogy [1]
      PEM [1]
      Percolation [1]
      Perishable food [1]
      Permanent magnet machine [1]
      Permanent magnet machines [1]
      permanent magnet synchronous motor [1]
      Personalized medicine [1]
      Phase-locked loop [1]
      phishing [1]
      Phone-based dynamic programming scores [1]
      Phoneme-to-grapheme rules [1]
      photovoltaic power systems [1]
      physico-chemical activation [1]
      PID [2]
      PID control [1]
      PIN [1]
      pipelines [1]
      Plasmodium falciparum [1]
      PMSG [1]
      Point of common coupling [1]
      Pole-slip [2]
      PON [1]
      portfolio management [1]
      Pose invariant [1]
      Positive identification [1]
      Postgraduate programmes [1]
      Poverty [2]
      power consumption [2]
      Power definitions [1]
      power engineering computing [1]
      power factor correction [1]
      Power generation [2]
      Power generation faults [1]
      Power generation reliability [1]
      Power grid [1]
      Power grids [1]
      power markets [1]
      Power network [1]
      Power quality [5]
      Power stations [2]
      Power system dynamics [1]
      power system economics [1]
      Power system harmonics [2]
      Power system management [1]
      power system measurement [1]
      Power system measurements [1]
      Power system modeling [1]
      Power system monitoring [2]
      Power system restoration [1]
      Power system security [1]
      Power system stability [3]
      Power transmission faults [1]
      Power transmission protection [1]
      PQ [3]
      PQ benchmarking [2]
      PQ compatibility [1]
      PQ management [2]
      PQ reporting [2]
      pre-existing knowledge [1]
      Preanalytical factors [1]
      prediction [1]
      Prenatal diagnostics [1]
      Pressure drop [1]
      pretreatment [1]
      Prevailing angle [1]
      Problem solving [1]
      process modeling and identification [1]
      Programming language [1]
      Programming teaching [1]
      Project [1]
      Project development [1]
      project management [2]
      Project stakeholders [1]
      Pronunciation variant [1]
      Protégé [1]
      Protocols [1]
      Proton exchange membrane [1]
      Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) [1]
      Pseudo random binary sequence [1]
      Public service [2]
      pumped-storage power stations [1]
      pumping plants [1]
      pumps [2]
      QoS [1]
      QoS reporting [1]
      Qualitative data [1]
      Quality [1]
      Quality of service [1]
      Quantitative analysis [1]
      Radio astronomy [2]
      radio environment mapping [1]
      Radio frequency [1]
      Radio spectrum management [1]
      Radiofrequency identification [2]
      Radiofrequency interference [1]
      Rainfall [1]
      Randles [1]
      Random codes, [1]
      Random linear network coding [1]
      Random network coding [1]
      Raw coal components [1]
      Reactive power [1]
      reactor cavity cooling system [1]
      Real application environment [1]
      Real-time [1]
      Reconfiguration [1]
      reconfiguration [1]
      Recruitment [1]
      rectifiers [1]
      Reed-Solomon codes [1]
      refractive Index [1]
      refrigeration [2]
      Regulation [1]
      Regulatory frameworks [1]
      Relay protection [1]
      Reliability [2]
      Renewable Energy [1]
      Renewable energy [2]
      requirements [1]
      Research entity [1]
      Research professor [1]
      Residential electricity [1]
      Resource-scarce [1]
      Resources [1]
      Response surface design [1]
      Reverse instruction [1]
      RFID [5]
      RFID license plate [1]
      Risk mitigation [1]
      rivers [1]
      Road freight [1]
      road freight [1]
      Road freight transport [2]
      Roads [1]
      Robot kinematics [1]
      Robot sensing systems [1]
      rolling mills [1]
      Rotating stall [1]
      rotor delevitation [1]
      Rotor-dynamic simulation [1]
      rotordynamics [1]
      Routing protocols [1]
      Rural Africa [1]
      S. cerevisiae [1]
      SADC [1]
      safety [1]
      Sanitary hot water [1]
      Satellite communications [1]
      School meals [1]
      Scratch [1]
      seawater [1]
      secondary access [1]
      Security [1]
      Security awareness [1]
      Security threats [1]
      Sedibeng District Municipality [3]
      Self-directed learning. [1]
      Self-organizing maps [1]
      Semi-supervised [1]
      sensorless control [1]
      Sequential monitoring [1]
      Seroprevalence data [1]
      Service Delivery [1]
      Shafts [1]
      shafts [2]
      Shape [1]
      Shape descriptor [1]
      shot boundary detector (SBD) [1]
      Signal strength estimation [1]
      signal strength estimation [1]
      Simulation [4]
      simulation [2]
      size distribution [1]
      sizing [1]
      SKA [1]
      Skills development [1]
      Smart card [2]
      Smart phones [1]
      social engineering [1]
      Social Forces [1]
      Social networking sites (SNS) [2]
      Social science [1]
      Social security [2]
      Soft systems methodology [1]
      Software [1]
      Software development [1]
      Software development education [1]
      software industry [1]
      soil permeability [1]
      solar absorber-convertors [1]
      solar cells [1]
      solar power [1]
      Sorbent [1]
      sorghum bicolor L. Moench [1]
      Sorption [1]
      South Africa [2]
      South African Broadcasting Corporation [1]
      Southern African power pool [1]
      spam [1]
      spatial [1]
      Spectral leakage [1]
      spectral opportunity (SO) [1]
      Spectrum sensing [1]
      Speech corpora [1]
      Speech interface [1]
      Speech recognition [3]
      Speech synthesis [2]
      Speech-enabled IVR [1]
      Spoken [1]
      Spoken term detection [1]
      SQL [1]
      SSA [1]
      Stability [1]
      State-space methods [1]
      State-space model [1]
      Steam flow [2]
      stochastic modelling [1]
      Stock return prediction [2]
      Stockpile [1]
      Strategic management [1]
      Sudoku [1]
      Super-capacitor [1]
      Supply chains [1]
      supply chains [1]
      support vector machines [1]
      survey [1]
      SVC [1]
      sweet sorghum bagasse [1]
      Synchronisation [1]
      Synchronization [1]
      Synchronized multiple-point measurement [1]
      Synchronous generators [1]
      Synchronous machines [2]
      Synchronous permanent magnet motor [1]
      Synchrophasor applications [1]
      Synchrophasor data [1]
      Synchrophasor measurement [1]
      Synchrophasors [1]
      System development [1]
      System identification [2]
      System software [1]
      Systems analysis and design [2]
      Systems approach [1]
      systems development methodologies [2]
      systems engineering [1]
      systems information retrieval [1]
      Taguchi method [1]
      Tan delta tests [2]
      Target approximation [1]
      tariffs [2]
      Teaching [1]
      Teaching/learning strategies [1]
      Technical indicators [1]
      Technology [1]
      Technology in teaching [1]
      Telecommunication traffic [1]
      temperature control [1]
      Temperature measurement [1]
      temperature monitoring [1]
      Temperature sensors [1]
      temporal [1]
      Tender adjudication [1]
      Term detection [1]
      Text-based language identification [1]
      Text-to-speech [2]
      Theory of communicative action [1]
      Thermal limits [1]
      Thermofluids [1]
      Throughput [1]
      Time domain analysis [1]
      Time series analysis [1]
      Time series of counts [1]
      Tissue distribution [1]
      Tone language [3]
      Topology boundaries [1]
      total column density [1]
      townships [1]
      toxicity [1]
      Trade corridors [2]
      Traffic cameras [1]
      Traffic law enforcement [1]
      Training [2]
      Trans-disciplinary [1]
      transesterification [1]
      transient [1]
      Transient analysis [1]
      Transliteration [1]
      Transmission line modeling [1]
      Transmission line parameter estimation [1]
      Transportation [2]
      treatment [1]
      trust [1]
      Turbines [3]
      Turkish MARKAL Model [1]
      TV white space [2]
      Twitter [1]
      Under-resourced [1]
      Under-resourced languages [2]
      Underresourced [1]
      Valves [1]
      vanillin [1]
      variable speed drives [1]
      Vehicles [2]
      ventilation [2]
      very high temperature reactor [1]
      Very high temperature reactors [1]
      Vibration control [1]
      vibration monitoring [1]
      Video usage [1]
      Viscosity [1]
      Visual texture [1]
      Vocabulary test [3]
      Voice user interface [1]
      void size [1]
      Voltage asymmetry [1]
      Voltage frequency [1]
      Voltage regulation [1]
      Voltage sags and swells [1]
      Voltage unbalance [3]
      Voltage unbalance factor [1]
      Voltage waveform distortion [2]
      volume mixing ratio [1]
      Vulnerability [1]
      Warburg [1]
      Washability [1]
      waste beneficiation [1]
      Waste energy [1]
      Waste-to-Energy [1]
      Waste-to-Energy plant economics [1]
      Water heating system [1]
      water pollution [1]
      water supply [4]
      waxes [1]
      web crawler [1]
      Weigh stations [1]
      WhatsApp [2]
      Wide Area Measurement Systems (WAMS) [1]
      Wireless networks [1]
      WOE [1]
      Work Integrated Learning [2]
      Work integrated learning [1]
      WSN [2]
      WSN Security [1]
      XLPE power cables [1]
      Yoruba [1]
      Yorùbá [2]
      ½-Cycle rms [1]